Art Deco lecture notes.
The world wars evolve the fashions and how they developed and changed.
1920 – 1939 – the interwar years
Decadence, luxury, dissipation, nightclubs, travel and cruises – people wanted to stay and live in the past.
Stravinsky’s rites of spring – very popular dance in the art deco ear and the decade. Art Deco was very stylized. Art Deco often gets confused with Art Nouveau, which is organic and flowers, whereas Art Deco is more about patterns and structures of patterns to inform designs and layouts. Art Deco is very eclectic as it can be a mixture of various different things, which have been placed together.
Josephine Baker introduces the notion of another world.
Art deco had a very sumptuous and luxurious style to it.
Cultural influences – Egyptian, Japan, Mayan, Aztec.
People who bought art deco were very rich and had their own sense of style, they were:
Daisy Fellows and Wallis Simpson.
Designers in the art deco era were: Givenchy, Dior and Elsa Shiaparelli. Also Eileen Grey who was an Irish architect and designer of lacquer work, which is resin from a plant, which can be coloured and shaped. Cartier 1925 – Chaumet – exhibited at the art deco exhibition, Van Cleef and Arpels.
Artists in the art deco ear were: Sugawara Seizo, Jean Dunand (1925 lacquered metal work, which consisted of opulently use of gold leaf), and Ferdinand Preiss 1882-1943, who was famous for the torch dance in 1926 (it was a cold – painted bronze and ivory figure).
Old civilisations influenced design – 1922 Howard Carter with tutankhamun.
Tamara de Lempicka – avant-garde make up and smoking in pictures.
Georges Braque – cubism, Eltham palace.
Art deco 2 lecture notes
Fordism - ford - car manufacturer
Taylorism – machine made products, scientific management behind the production line – fast movements and simple designs for mass production and low cost.
1920s – 1940s the great depression and clothing crudely made with horrible fabrics and the styling was very streamline – curved edges.
Metropolis – German film influenced by art deco due to the abstract imagery in the background
Anne Massey – influenced by art deco and Hollywood
Bernard Newman – costume designer
Ginger Rodgers – famous and well-known actress in the 1930s
1930s Trifari – costume jewellery
Bias cut – Madeleine Vionnet, cut the fabric on a diagonal
Art deco architect – George Coles 1930
Art deco was trying to become more modern as the decades changed. Art deco influenced everything in the 1920s – 1930s and films were very sexual and appeared to a wide range of people in the audiences.
Art deco was about fantasy and escapism
1929 – stock market crashed – the great depression – 1930s –1940s
Mass job loses and unemployment
Art deco style seen as escaping and about bad pasts and new beginnings.
Art deco inspired a various amount of fabrics.